Regions and Municipalities
People Republic of China
There are 22 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions and 4 Autonomous Municipalities in the People’s Republic of China (plus the two Special Administrative Regions of Hongkong and Macao, with specific international status).
There are 333 prefectures in these regions (3rd rank of government and CPC organization, refering to the regional level – non existent in Autonomous Municipalities).
There are 2,851 districts and counties in the People’s Republic of China (4th rank of governement and CPC organization, refering to the prefectoral level – 3rd rank in Autonomous Municipalities).
China (small islands exluded) runs from 18°1’ North (Southern end of Hainan) to 53°5’ North (Northern end of Heilongjiang) ; and from 73°6’ East (Western end of Xinjiang) to 134°8’ East (Eastern end of Heilongjiang).
Total area of China is 9,597,000 km2 (4,233,000 km2 for the EU ; 9,525,000 km2 for the US).
China as a whole is composed of 16% of plains and low plateaus ; 11% of hills ; and 73% of mountains and high plateaus.
China, and the World’s, highest point is Qomolangmo (Mount Everest) in Xizang, at 8,848 meters.
Basing on regional capitals, average January temperatures run from —16°C in Harbin (Heilongjiang) to +19°C in Haikou (Hainan). Average July temperatures run from +18°C in Lhasa (Xizang) to +30°C in Changsha (Hunan), Wuhan (Hubei), Nanchang (Jiangxi), Guangzhou (Guangdong) and Hangzhou (Zhejiang).
Yearly rainfall ranges from 190 mm in Lanzhou (Gansu) to 2,450 mm in Haikou (Hainan).
China’s population stood at 1,412 million inhabitants end of 2020.
China as a whole has a 63.9% urban population, versus 36.1% rural (2020).
China’s total GDP stood at 17,900 billion USD in 2021.
Shares of China’s total 2020 GDP are 7.7% for Agriculture, 37.8% for Industry, and 54.5% for Services.
China’s average GDP per capita was 12,680 USD in 2021. Regional levels range from 46% of that national average (for Gansu Province) to 232% (for Beijing Autonomous Municipality).
China’s output in 2020 was 617 million tons for main cereals (43% corn, 35% rice, 22% wheat) ; 287 million tons for fruits ; 108 million tons for sugar cane, 2.9 million tons for tea, 5.9 million tons for cotton and 2.1 million tons for tobacco.
China’s output in 2020 was 77.5 million tons for meat (63% pork, 24% poultry, 7.5% beef and 5.5% mutton) ; 35.3 million tons for milk ; and 65.5 million tons for water products (51% seawater, 49% freshwater).
China’s total electricity consumption in 2018 was 7,450 billion kWh (kiloWatt-hours) ;
China’s total electricity output in 2020 was 7,625 billion kWh (difference between national consumption and output results from losses linked to electricity transport and distribution).
China’s total electricity production installed capacity in 2020 was 2,200 GW (GigaWatt), with 57% for thermal power plants ; 17% for hydropower ; 13% for wind power ; 11% for solar power ; and 2% for nuclear power
China’s total expressways network stood at 161,000 km in 2020.
China’s total railways network stood at 146,300 km in 2020.
China’s total inland waterways network stood at 127,700 km in 2020.
Regional CPC Government
Regional political organization, as all structuring elements of Chinese society, reflects the dual, Party / State, organization.
The Secretary of the regional CPC Committee comes number 1 in regional hierarchy, followed by the head of the regional government as number 2. The deputy secretary of the regional CPC Committee comes as number 3.
Regional government is headed by a Governor for Provinces, a Chairman for Autonomous Regions and a Mayor for Autonomous Municipalities.
Under his leadership, regional government work is supervised by a varying number of vice-governors (or vice-chairmen or deputy mayors).
Regional governments mirror organization of the Central Government (except for regulatory administrations) with Departments corresponding to the different ministries (Finance, Indutry and Information Technologies, Science and Technology, …) ; a regional DRC (Development and Reform Commission) overseeing regional impact infrastructure projects ; and a SASAC (Sate-owned Supervision and Administration Commission) overseeing SOEs (State-Owned Enterprises) controled by the regional government.
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