Politics and Ideology
In 2017, the 19th Congress proclaimed the entry of the so-called “socialism with Chinese characteristics into the new era”. This Chinese socialism and the concept of Chinese-style modernity is only one thing, both promoted by Deng Xiaoping since 1978; they are interwoven with China’s economic development. They have known several successive versions and will know new ones. The resulting ideology is a living, innovative corpus, far from clichés. The same is true for the making of laws. According to the official texts (2020), “in order to build a China governed by law, we must regulate the exercise of legislative power (…) and build a centralized and party-led supervision system that is comprehensive, authoritarian and effective”. Laws, like ideology, serve the national interest, embodied by the single party.